Small RCT comparing mouthwashing with PVP-I, Chlorhexidine, and water, showing significant efficacy for both PVP-I and Chlorhexidine, with PVP-I increasing Ct by a mean of 4.45 (p
< 0.0001) and Chlorhexidine by a mean of 5.69 (p
< 0.0001), compared to no significant difference for water.
inverse relative improvement in Ct value, 88.8% lower, RR 0.11, p < 0.05, treatment 25, control 9.
Elzein et al., 3/17/2021, Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial, Lebanon, Middle East, peer-reviewed, 7 authors.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical significance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.